The Unlikely Figure Redefining Mushroom Research
Paul Stamets wants us to think more about fungus, and not just psilocybin. Make no mistake, the largely self-taught mycologist certainly has opinions to offer on psychedelic mushrooms, going so far as to name one of his children after one. He’s also a proponent of the so-called “stoned ape” theory of human neurobiological evolution, but that’s only the cap of the whole, larger fungal organism. In every conceivable way, Stamets has devoted his life to mushroom research, and to the pursuit of knowledge around the entirety of an often-overlooked order of life on this planet.
Mushrooms, psychedelic or otherwise, have a key role to play in the natural world, our diet, health and wellness, and very possibly our evolution into the species we are today. In his role as author, speaker, entrepreneur, teacher, and advocate for all things mycelial, Stamets has engaged in a colourful, decades-long quest to bring mushrooms to the forefront of scientific knowledge. His claims have, at times, come across as grandiose, sounding dubious, but as the Seattle Times reported, they check out more often than not. Stamets’ efforts have made him a successful businessman, resulted in an honorary doctorate, and conferred upon him a popular culture status as a sort of wizardly grandfather, a forerunner to the current interest in psychedelics, psilocybin cultivation, and microdosing culture.
Background and Formative Experience with Psilocybin
Born in Ohio in 1955, Stamets graduated B.Sc. from Evergreen State College in Olympia, Washington in 1979, and has called the Pacific Northwest home ever since. He concedes that his fascination with mushrooms began with a psychedelic experience. As a young man, Stamets claims to have suffered from a speech impediment. At the age of 19 or 20, he professes to have been alone during a lightning storm, under the influence of psilocybin, and to have climbed a tree as a result. He’s since clarified that he doesn’t recommend this action to others. While waiting out what must have been an awesome and terrifying experience, Stamets, in an altered state, repeated to himself “stop stuttering now.” It worked, and his stutter vanished.
Stamets’ Early Business Ventures and Self-Education
A far cry from the lab or the office we might associate psychedelic mushroom research with today, Stamets’ career began as a logger, the time spent in the woods deepening his connection to mushrooms, which he pursued as a hobby until going into business for himself. First among these was Fungi Perfecti, founded in 1980 while Stamets was undergoing graduate studies in microbiology and currently billed as the maker of “Host Defense Mushrooms.” The idea being that humans are capable of hosting other benevolent life-forms, in this case fungus, that can quell illness and other harmful organisms. It’s an intriguing concept in alternative medicine, for which Stamets has spent decades gaining increasing traction with his wife and business partner, fellow mycologist and herbalist Dusty Yao.
Fungi Perfecti began as a seller of high-quality culinary mushrooms, mycological literature, and growing/cultivating kits. It has since expanded, along with the scope of Stamets’ and Yao’s imagination, research, and patents, into a dizzying array of health and wellness products, along with other intriguing applications such as a mycological pest control solution.
Science, Books and Articles
While gaining an increased popularity and acceptance in recent years due to the widespread interest in medical and therapeutic psilocybin, Stamets’ work, and starting position well outside of the academic mainstream, hasn’t always been met with approval. Due to counterculture associations and its associated fears of lost funding, stigma against psychedelics ran deep in academia for decades. Stamets, eccentric, prone to sweeping claims, and working outside of these institutions, once raised the eyebrows of more conventional mycologists. His initial published and peer-reviewed works focused heavily on psilocybes, but he’s since branched out into all areas of mushrooms science. A full bibliography of books and peer reviewed articles by Stamets is available here.
His past and ongoing projects involving mushroom-based solutions to problems large and small run the scientific gamut. Whether trying to save the global bee population from colony collapse, working with the US military, or testing the potential for mycelium to clean up petroleum and chemical spills, Stamets seems willing and able to put mushrooms to work on any task. On his personal website are compiled lists of both projects past and present, and mushroom research resources for the medically curious. Among his current works, in collaboration with MAPS and a host of other prominent names in psychedelic research is the Microdose.me study, a detailed self-reporting study of microdosers conducted by Quantified Citizen.
Stamets’ Speaking and Cultural Impact
While maintaining his unique outlook, style, and something of a rebel status, Paul Stamets’ decades of work have paid off. He’s managed to gain himself the recognition of the scientific community, as well as the public at large. His TED Talk on the “6 Ways Mushrooms Can Save the World”, in which he proposes the concept of mycelium as both sentient and “Earth’s Natural Internet”, has been viewed millions of times. He’s received recognition from the scientific community and an honorary doctorate from the National College of National Medicine in Portland. Television characters associated with mushroom research have been named in his honor. Beyond his personal success and recognition, Stamets serves as an important reminder. Sometimes, with persistence, the fringe can creep its way into the mainstream.